Petra remains one of the world’s most compelling archaeological sites, offering a window into the past of human ingenuity and endurance. Its breathtaking beauty and historical significance make it a must-visit destination for travelers to Jordan.


Petra: Jordan’s Ancient Desert Wonder

Petra, also known as the Rose City due to the color of its stone, is an archaeological site in Jordan’s southwestern desert. Dating back to around 300 B.C., it was the capital of the Nabatean Kingdom. Today, Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

The Siq and The Treasury

The journey into Petra begins with the Siq, a narrow gorge that leads to the city’s most iconic structure, the Treasury (Al-Khazneh). This stunning facade, carved directly into the pink sandstone cliff face, is believed to have been a mausoleum or a treasury for the Nabatean King Aretas IV.

Beyond the Treasury

Beyond the Treasury, Petra opens up into a vast city of tombs, temples, and intricate buildings. Key sites include the Street of Facades, the Royal Tombs, and the Roman-style Theatre that could seat 3,000 spectators.

The Monastery (Ad Deir)

A climb of over 800 steps from the city center leads to the Monastery (Ad Deir). Larger than the Treasury, this monument offers breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.

Cultural Significance and Preservation

Petra’s architecture and water conduit system reflect the Nabateans’ advanced understanding of engineering and water management. Efforts are ongoing to preserve these ancient structures from natural erosion and human damage.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Petra is during spring (March to May) or autumn (September to November). These seasons offer milder temperatures, making the exploration of this vast site more comfortable.

Tips for Visitors

Visitors should prepare for a lot of walking, often on uneven terrain. Wearing comfortable shoes, carrying water, and using sun protection are essential. Hiring a local guide can enhance the experience with insights into the site’s history and legends.

If you are interested in history, visit the Petra Museum. Visitors can see the actual water pipes that used to supply water to Petra. Visitors can also understand the changes that have taken place in the region over time. You can also learn about the Nabateans, who built a civilization in this region.


Many tours that visit Petra originate in Amman. Both day tours and 2-day tours that spend the night there are available. If you want to do a day trip, From Amman: Private full day Petra and Wadi rum is an affordable option. The 3-Day Private Tour from Amman: Petra, Wadi Rum, Dana, Aqaba, and Dead Sea takes you to the Dead Sea.